The number of individuals with income below the federal poverty level divided by the total number of individuals with known income, expressed as a percentage.
Poverty and poor health are inextricably linked. While on the surface poverty is often defined as a lack of income or assets, in the day-to-day lives of the very poor, poverty becomes a network of disadvantages, each one exacerbating the others. The result is people who lack access to education, health care, adequate housing, proper sanitation, and good nutrition. They are the most vulnerable to disasters, armed conflict, and systems of political and economic oppression. These conditions often carry with them dysfunctional family and societal relationships and low self-esteem.
In 2021, the percentage of Individuals Below Poverty Level in Alachua County was 20.1 compared to Florida at 13.1. The line graph shows change over time when there are at least three years of data.
Alachua County is in the fourth quartile for this measure. This means that relative to other counties in Florida, the percentage of Individuals Below Poverty Level is less in about three quarters of the counties.
The map illustrates county data by quartile. A quartile map is presented when there are at least 51 counties with data for this measure.
Data Source: United States Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, Table B17001.
Chart will display if there are at least three years of data.
Multi-year counts are a sum of the selected years, not an average.
Quartiles are calculated when data is available for at least 51 counties.
MOV - Measure of Variability: Probable range of values resulting from random fluctuations in the number of events. Not calculated when numerator is below 5 or denominator is below 20, or count or rate is suppressed. The MOV is useful for comparing rates to a goal or standard. For example, if the absolute difference between the county rate and the statewide rate is less than the MOV, the county rate is not significantly different from the statewide rate (alpha level = 0.05). When the absolute difference between the county rate and the statewide rate is greater than the MOV, the county rate is significantly different from the statewide rate. MOV should not be used to determine if the rates of two different counties, or the county rates for two different years, are statistically significantly different.
Denom - abbreviated for Denominator.
Population estimates are not available for persons whose county of residence is unknown. Given this, the denominator and associated rate are not available.
* - Indicates the county rate is statistically significantly different from the statewide rate.