Health Equity Profile - 2020

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Data Note(s):

Rate ratios in this report compare rates of two populations, for example, the black rate to the white rate. A ratio of 2:1 would mean that the black rate is two times the white rate. A ratio of 0.5:1 would mean that the black rate is half of the white rate. Rate ratios are not calculated when a rate is zero (n/a indicated in the county ratio column).

All indicators in this report, except the indicators from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), report rates based on the entire black population. Indicators from the BRFSS only include non-Hispanic blacks in the rates reported here. These indicators all begin with the word "Adults".

Indicators included here are based, in part, by the Prevention Institute's report for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in June 2015 titled "Measuring What Works to Achieve Health Equity: Metrics for the Determinants of Health".

When the Racial Residential Segregation Index is less than 0.3 the county’s population is “well integrated.” Values between 0.3 and 0.6 indicate the county’s population is “moderately segregated.” Values above 0.6 indicate the county’s population is “very segregated."

Income inequality is an index that ranges from 0 to 1. Zero indicates a perfect distribution of income where everyone receives an equal share. One indicates an imperfect distribution of income where only one or a group of recipients receive all the income.

Some indicators important to understanding the context of health disparities are displayed even when race and ethnicity breakouts are not available. In these cases, only the totals are provided.