Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. TB disease in the lungs or throat can be infectious. This means that the bacteria can be spread to other people. TB bacteria are spread through the air from one person to another when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings. People with infectious TB disease are most likely to spread it to people they spend time with every day, including family members, friends, and coworkers or schoolmates. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected. When a person breathes in TB bacteria, the bacteria can settle in the lungs and begin to grow. From there, they can move through the blood to other parts of the body, such as the kidney, spine, and brain. TB in other parts of the body, such as the kidney or spine, is usually not infectious.
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the world’s deadliest diseases. It is estimated that one third of the world’s population is infected with TB. Tracking the number of new TB cases each year improves efforts to prevent the spread of TB. State and local TB control programs use this data to monitor trends in TB disease to detect new patterns of disease, people most at risk for developing TB disease, and possible outbreaks.
In 2020, the age-adjusted rate per 100,000 population of Deaths from Tuberculosis (All) in Alachua County was 0.4 compared to Florida at 0.1. Since the oldest age at death varies, an ending age of 999 is used to retrieve all records up to and including the oldest age.Links: Healthy People 2030|Florida Health Resources
Age-adjusted Deaths from Tuberculosis, Rate Per 100,000 Population, Single Year