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Melanoma is a form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or in the intestines. In 2021, in Florida, the age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 population for melanoma was 26 and in 2011, it was 21.5. In 2022, there were 692 deaths from melanoma in Florida. Also, in the year 2022, 8.3% of Florida adults reported that they were ever told that they have skin cancer. In 2021, the overall estimated percentage of high school students who most of the time or always wear sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher was 11.8%. To protect the skin and eyes from the sun, the National Cancer Institute suggests the following:

  • Use sunscreen that protects against UV radiation.
  • Do not stay out in the sun for long periods of time, especially when the sun is at its strongest.
  • Wear long sleeve shirts, long pants, sun hats, and sunglasses when outdoors.

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines mental health as our emotional, psychological and social well-being.

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Did You Know?

  • Incidence refers to the number of cases during the reporting period. In CHARTS, some indicators about incidence are called cases or diagnoses.
  • Most CHARTS reports can be exported to Excel. Look for the Excel icon in the CHARTS report pages.
  • ZIP code and census-tract data are available through CHARTS’ data queries and the Community Dashboard.
  • The Access and Functional Needs Profile provides county estimates of populations that might need emergency shelter in the event of natural or other disasters.
  • The Birth Defects Profile provides data about rates of birth defects in Florida.

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